In basketball, players are constantly moving, cutting, dribbling and handling the ball. Basketball violations do occur frequently as players move and handle the ball and are constantly in contact with the basketball. It is a natural part of the game.
A violation is an infraction of the results that does not result in a free throw. However, the ball is turned over to the opposing team for a throw-in. Basically, there are two categories of violations- Ball handling violations and Time violations.
Ball handling violations
These types of basketball violations take place when the basketball is in their possession.
Double dribble – There are two situations where this violation can take place. In the first case, when a player dribbles the ball with two hands at the same time. Secondly, when the player stops dribbling, holds the ball, and starts dribbling again.
Over-and-back – This violation occurs when a player crosses over the midcourt line to the frontcourt and then crosses back into the backcourt.
Traveling – Again, there are two situations. When you stop dribbling and then move or change your pivot foot. Secondly, when you take more than one and a half steps without dribbling while you have the ball.
It is important to strictly adhere to the specific timings. Basketball violations take place whenever the time restrictions are broken.
Ten-seconds-in-the-backcourt – The offensive team takes ten seconds or more to move the basketball across the midcourt line into the front court.
Lane violation – A lane violation takes place when you enter the lane too soon during a free throw situation. This result in either a turnover or the other team gets another free throw attempt.
Five-second possession violation – This violation occur when a ballhandler is being defended within six feet in the frontcourt, and keeps the basketball for five or more seconds.
Five-second inbound violation – This happens when, while passing the ball inbounds, the player does not pass the ball to a teammate within five seconds after gaining possession.
Three-second rule – This violation occurs whenever an offensive player is in the free throw lane for longer than 3 seconds.
Basketball violations – Offense and Defense
Violations committed by offense. These include:
Walk or traveling violation – This case usually occurs when after rebounding, after receiving the ball from the pass, and when making a move to drive towards the basket, the ball handler takes too many steps without dribbling the ball.
Over-and-back or Backcourt violation – This can happen in two situations. The player from the front court passes the ball to his teammate in the backcourt. Secondly, when the player holding the ball crosses over the mid court line and then returns at the back court.
Double dribble – In basketball violations, this involves the ball handler. The player either dribbles with both hands, or if the player dribbles, holds the ball, and starts dribbling again.
Offensive foul – The ball handler attacks to the basket and knowingly hits the defending player.
Offensive goal tending – The player tries to intercept the ball while it is on the rim or on the way down to the basket.
Five-second inbound violation – This violation occurs if there are more than 5 seconds delay in the inbounder passing the ball to his teammate.
Three-second violation – This happens when the offensive player stays inside the paint for 3 seconds
Ten-second backcourt violation – This occurs if there is more than 10 second delays by the offensive team in crossing the ball to the mid-court.
Basketball violations committed by the defense
Foul – Many instances result in a foul call. For example, if a defensive player makes an illegal contact with the ball handler, blocking, holding, pushing, charging and tripping.
Goaltending – This is same as offensive goaltending by the defending player
Three-second defensive violation- This is used to keep the defensive team from using the zone defense.